Reduced carbon footprint.
For many businesses, operating a fleet is the single largest contributor to their carbon footprint. When a business decides to reduce its carbon output, the fleet managers need to know how to identify which advanced fuel will make the biggest difference....more
Reduced dependence on foreign oil.
Most of the world's oil reserves are concentrated in the Middle East. Since most advanced fuels are available in the U.S. from U.S. sources, switching to advanced fuels can limit how much money is transferred offshore to support our domestic energy demands.
The U.S. Department of Energy allows you to search its database of federal and state laws and incentive programs related to advanced-fuel vehicles. Learn more at www.afdc.energy.gov/laws/
Learn more about federal and state tax incentives for purchasing advanced-fuel vehicles at www.fueleconomy.gov
Blueprint for sustainability.
“From exciting wireless communications projects to our efforts to strengthen our financial position and reduce our environmental impact, Ford is deeply committed to sustainability. New technologies and a more open, collaborative approach are helping us achieve breakthroughs we could only dream of, and we are eager to go further. It is an exciting time for us as we continue on our journey to build great products, a strong business and a better world.”
- William Clay Ford Jr.
CNG is an extremely clean-burning fuel that significantly reduces CO, CO2 and NOx compared to its gasoline counterpart. CNG is typically less expensive than gasoline and the fuel price is also less volatile. CNG has an octane rating of 130 and has the potential to optimize the engine’s thermodynamic efficiency by utilizing a higher compression ratio.
CNG has slightly less energy than gasoline per unit volume. CNG at 3,600 PSI occupies about 3.5 times the volume as gasoline does for the equivalent amount of energy and therefore requires a larger fuel tank to maintain the same range. Refueling time and infrastructure are also considerations....less
Propane is nontoxic and cannot get into the water table if there is a leak in the storage container. From an economic perspective, propane is an effective advanced to conventional transportation fuels when capital cost (vehicle and infrastructure), operation and maintenance are all taken into consideration.
Power, acceleration, payload and cruise speed are unchanged compared to an equivalent vehicle fueled by gasoline. Propane has a high octane rating of 104, in between compressed natural gas (CNG) at 130 and unleaded gasoline at 87.
Because of the low vapor pressure of propane, in extremely cold conditions, starting vapor injection systems could be an issue. Propane Autogas has fewer BTU’s than gasoline, which may result in an mpg loss compare to gasoline....less
Biodiesel refers to a vegetable oil-based or animal fat-based diesel fuel. Blends of biodiesel and conventional petrodiesel fuels are products most commonly distributed for use in the retail diesel fuel marketplace. A system known as the “B” factor is used to state the amount of biodiesel in any fuel mix:...more
· 100% biodiesel is referred to as B100
· 20% biodiesel is labeled B20
· 5% biodiesel is labeled B5
· 2% biodiesel is labeled B2
All Ford diesels are capable of running on any blend of biodiesel up to and including B20.
Biodiesel (B20) burns cleaner than petrodiesel, with reduced emissions.
Biodiesel (B20) may be more expensive than petrodiesel and in low temperatures may require a special additive or fuel tank heater to flow properly....less
Flexible-fuel vehicles (FFV) are designed to operate the internal combustion engine for a range of gasoline and ethanol blends. FFVs are capable of burning any blend ranging from 100% gasoline (E0) up to 85% ethanol/15% gasoline (E85). Fuel injection and spark timing are automatically adjusted according to the specific blend detected by electronic sensors. E85 is the most common flex fuel and many Ford engines are equipped to handle this fuel type....more
Ethanol / E85 is clean-burning and substantially reduces CO and CO2
emissions. Compared to gasoline, E85 has a higher octane rating, provides
the same or more horsepower, and burns cooler. Corn and other cellulosic
plant sources are readily available.
Ethanol / E85 produces less energy by volume than gasoline. One gallon
of gasoline is the equivalent of 1.56 gallons of E85 used to travel
the same distance. Due to the increased volume required and the fact
that alcohol is corrosive, fuel system components must be upgraded.
Engine and Vehicle Modifiers
Ford is working with seven gaseous fuel-qualified modifiers. Together they provide QVM-qualified packages for the vehicles and engines shown below. These companies provide finished, ready-to-use vehicles through Ford Dealerships. Modifiers may also provide and install other equipment, bodies and accessories necessary for your business....less
Sustainability Means Doing More Good
This is great news for Ford dealers and customers, of course; but the story doesn’t stop there. This commitment by Ford to reverse a long-term weight-gain is symbolic of a much larger strategy that Ford is following: Corporate Sustainability. And we’re not simply talking of maintain a healthy balance sheet – sustainability is about engaging with the overall environment such that the making, using, and disposing of each individual vehicle ultimately results in minimal environmental impact. In short, Sustainability ensures the Earth can support long-term usage of the vehicles we all have come to depend upon. But even more important, Ford is focusing on sustaining strategies that result in positive trade-offs. In other words, finding solutions that are not only good for the environment, but also better for the intended usage compared to the less-environmentally friendly advanced.
Why Sustainability is Important
Why is sustainability important? In two short words, resource management. Just as every organization has a finite amount of resources, the Earth itself has a finite amount of resources. And while the Earth is greatly endowed with vast resources, there are not inexhaustible – whereas demand for these resources continues to rise with both population increases and improvement to the economies of developing nations. There are very legitimate concerns over greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions and related climate changes that cannot be ignored. It is simply very wise for all of us....less
The commercial truck market is comprised of many unique vocations and vehicle requirements. One size does not fit all! That’s why Ford is collaborating with reliable and qualified modifiers to deliver completed advanced-fuel vehicles. Most Ford commercial vehicles can be ordered with a CNG/LPG Gaseous Engine Prep Package.
Although vehicles equipped with the CNG/LPG Gaseous Engine Prep Package can be driven as delivered using gasoline, most vehicles are transported to qualified modifiers that install the CNG/LPG tanks and hardware....more
Ford has released modifier guidelines, and our engineers work with modifiers to help ensure consistent, reliable performance and customer service.
Ford maintains the Engine and Powertrain Limited Warranty (5 years or 60,000 miles*), and the modifier is responsible for the system component warranty.
Given the number of unique applications, this strategy provides the greatest flexibility of commercial applications.
*See dealer for details.
From dealer order through customer delivery
1. Dealer and customer determine appropriate vehicle based on application, payload and range.
2. Dealer places vehicle order, and vehicle is delivered to modifier.
3. Modifier installs advanced-fuel components and system.
4. Vehicle is delivered to dealer and dealer delivers vehicle to customer....less
The modifiers provide service training programs for dealership technicians. This training ensures your dealership has trained technicians to accurately diagnose and safely repair modified vehicles. The modifiers also provide Technical Hotlines to assist in diagnosing component or driveability issues.
Engine calibration and emission certification and compliance are part of the QVM-supplied CNG or LPG modifications to your vehicle. The powertrain control module (PCM) is reflashed with the appropriate calibration when the system is installed. In the event service is needed on the PCM, the QVM will provide a new or replacement calibration.
Contact information is provided at the time of delivery and can be found in the QVM’s Supplemental Owner’s Guide....less
Onsite assessments at each QVM location ensures conformance to a high standard of manufacturing, assembly, workmanship and customer service.
Gaseous Fuel Qualified Vehicle Modifier Contact Information:...less
· Proper engine order codes required for CNG/LPG conversion
· Calibration requirements to maintain factory limited warranty on the base engine
· Modifier responsibilities for required government emission and safety (FMVSS) certification
· Modifier responsibilities for warranty of the new or modified fuel system components
· Modifier required information to the customer to explain CNG/LPG fuel system operation and maintenance, identify unique components associated with the CNG/LPG conversion, and provide contacts for parts and service of the CNG/LPG fuel system
QVM Bulletin #Q-185R1 can be found on Ford’s Fleet website: www.fleet.ford.com/truckbbas, refer to Bulletins Tab....less
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